Facts About South Sudan
After 50 years of intermittent civil war with the northern half of Sudan, South Sudan signed a cease fire in 2005. Following the five year truce with the north, the South Sudanese were allowed to vote on whether to become independent of the northern, Muslim controlled, part of the country. With a 97% vote for independence, South Sudan became a nation in July 2011.
The following quote comes from the government of South Sudan’s website shortly following the election:
“The Republic of South Sudan is at the tail end of economic development. All the indices of human welfare put its citizens at the bottom of humanity. The independence we are now celebrating transfers the responsibility for our destiny and reversing the tide of underdevelopment to our own hands. The challenges are great but we must begin the task of nation building immediately.”
Listed below are 10 of those challenges
- More than 2 million people have been displaced because of the current civil war.
- Nearly 4 million people are facing food insecurity.
- The International Red Cross states that the humanitarian crisis in South Sudan is second to Syria.
- More than 90% of the population in South Sudan lives on less than 1 dollar a day.
- One out of 6 women who become pregnant will die.
- South Sudan has the lowest routine immunization coverage in the world.
- Only 16% of South Sudanese children ever go to school and only 1.9% complete
- South Sudan has the highest illiteracy rate in the world.
- Eighty percent of the population has no access to any toilet facility.
- The average household lives 45 minutes from the nearest water source.